Familia Emydidae


  • Bickham, J. W., T. Lamb, P. Minx, and J. C. Patton. 1996. Molecular systematics of the genus Clemmys and the intergeneric relationships of emydid turtles. Herpetologica 52: 89-97.
  • Bramble, D. M. 1974. Emydid shell kinesis: biomechanics and evolution. Copeia.
  • Gaffney, E. S. and P. A. Meylan. 1988. A phylogeny of turtles. In: M. J. Benton (ed.), The Phylogeny and Classification of the Tetrapods, vol. 1, Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds, pp. 157-219. System Assoc. Spec. Vol. 35A, Clarendon Press, Oxford, England.
  • Jackson, D. R. 1978b. Evolution and fossil record of the chicken turtle Deirochelys, with a re-evaluation of the genus. Tulane Stud. Zool. Bot. 20: 35-55.
  • Loveridge, A., and E. E. Williams. 1957. Revision of the African tortoises and turtles of the suborder Cryptodira. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 115: 163-557.
  • McDowell, S. B. 1964. Partition of the genus Clemmys and related problems in the taxonomy of the aquatic Testudinidae. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 143: 239-279.
  • Rafinesque, C. S. 1815. Analyse de la Nature ou Tableau de l'Universe et des Corps Organis├ęs. Privately printed. Palermo. 224 pp.
  • Seidel, M. E., and M. D. Adkins. 1989. Variation in turtle myoglobins (subfamily Emydinae: Testudines) examined by isoelectric focusing. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 94B: 569-573.