Heosemys spinosa


  • Carr, J. L., and J. W. Bickham. 1986. Phylogenetic implications of karyotype variation in the Batagurinae (Testudines: Emydidae). Genetica 70: 89-106.
  • Das, I. 1996. First record of Heosemys spinosa from the Philippines, with biogeographic notes. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 2(1): 80-82.
  • DeSmet, W. H. O. 1978. The chromosomes of 11 species of Chelonia (Reptilia). Acta Zool. Pathol. Antverp. 70: 15-34.
  • Ewert, M. A. 1979. The embryo and its egg: development and natural history. In: M. Harless and H. Morlock (eds.), Turtles: Perspectives and Research, pp. 333-413. Wiley-Interscience, New York.
  • Fritz, U. 1997. Zum Vorkommen von Heosemys spinosa (Gray, 1831) auf den Philippinen (Reptilia: Testudines: Bataguridae). Faun. Abh. St. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 21(7): 131-134.
  • Gray, J. E. 1831b. Synopsis Reptilium or short descriptions of the species of reptiles. Part 1. Cataphracta, tortoises, crocodiles, and enaliosaurians. London. 85 pp.
  • Herman, D. W. 1993. Reproduction and management of the Southeast Asian spiny turtle (Heosemys spinosa) in captivity. Herpetol. Nat. Hist. 1: 97-100.
  • Mertens, R. 1971. Die Stachelschildkr√∂te (Heosemys spinosa) und ihre Verwandten. Salamandra 7: 49-54.
  • Waagen, G. N. 1984. Sexually dimorphic plastral kinesis in Heosemys spinosa. Herpetol. Rev. 15: 33-34.