Literature
  • Baard 1994
  • Cape Tortoises; their identification and care. Cape Nature Conservation, Cape Town. 68 pp.
  • Baard 1995
  • Distribution and status of the geometric tortoise Psammobates geometricus in South Africa. Biol. Conserv. 63: 235-239.
  • Baard 1989
  • Psammobates geometricus. Geometric tortoise (English); Suurpootjie (Afrikaans). In: I. R. Swingland, and M. W. Klemens (eds.). The Conservation Biology of Tortoises, pp. 85-87. Occ. Pap. IUCN/SSC 5, Tortoise and Freshwater Specialists Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
  • Baard 1996b
  • Environmental stochasticity and conservation of fragmented tortoise populations. In: B. Devaux (ed.), Proceedings—International Congress of Chelonian Conservation, pp. 131-132. Gonfaron, France: Editions SOPTOM.
  • Baard 1996a
  • Inter- and intra-individuals variation in the measurement of a southern padloper Homopus areolatus shell. African Herpetol. News (25): 22-25.
  • Baard 1993
  • A preliminary analysis of the habitat of the geometric tortoise, Psammobates geometricus. S. Afr. Tydskr. Natuurnav. 25: 8-13.
  • Babcock 1937
  • A new subspecies of the red-bellied terrapin Pseudemys rubriventris (LeConte). Occ. Pap. Boston Soc. Natur. Hist. 8: 293-294.
  • Bachère 1981
  • Le caryotype de la Tortue verte, Chelonia mydas L. dans l' Ocean Indien (Canal du Mozambique). C. R. Acad. Sci., Paris 292: 1129-1131.
  • Baha el Din 1994
  • Status of the Egyptian tortoise Testudo kleinmanni in Egypt. Turtle Recovery Programme. Wildlife Conserv. Soc. 27 pp.
  • , 1996
  • IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN Cambridge, UK, and Gland, Switzerland.
  • , 1852
  • Descriptions of new species of reptiles collected by the U. S. Exploring Expedition under the command of Capt. Charles Wilkes, U. S. N. Proc. Acad. Natur. Sci. Philadelphia 6: 174-177.
  • , Gillingham 1983
  • An analysis of courtship behavior in Blanding's turtle, Emydoidea blandingi. Herpetologica 39: 166-173.
  • 1980
  • Synopsis of biological data on the green turtle in the Hawaiian Islands. NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFC-7. 141 pp.
  • Baran, Atatür 1997
  • Turkish Herpetofauna. Republic of Turkey, Ministry of Environment. 214 pp.
  • 1935
  • A new Pseudemys from Cat Island, Bahamas. Occ. Pap. Boston Soc. Natur. Hist. 8: 205-206.
  • , Carr 1941
  • Terrapin from Grand Cayman. Proc. New England Zool. Club. 18: 57-60.
  • , Carr 1938
  • Another Bahamian freshwater tortoise. Proc. New England Zool. Club. 17: 75-76.
  • , Carr 1940
  • Antillean terrapins. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 54: 381-415.
  • Barnwell 1997
  • The spotted turtle in central Florida. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 2: 405-408.
  • 1990
  • Home range and habitat of the desert tortoise (Xerobates agassizi) in the Picacho Mountains of Arizona. Herpetologica 46: 202-206.
  • 1976
  • General consideration on the karyotype evolution of Chelonia from the Amazon Region of Brazil. Cytologia 41: 559-565.
  • 1975
  • A karyological study of Geoemyda punctularia punctularia. Acta Amazonica 5: 95-96.
  • 1972
  • Karyotypes of two subspecies of turtles from the Amazon region of Brazil. Caryologia 25: 463-469.
  • , 1955
  • Our knowledge of the bog turtle, Clemmys muhlenbergii, surveyed and augmented. Copeia
  • Barzyk 1994
  • Husbandry and captive breeding of the parrot-beaked tortoise, Homopus areolatus. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 1(2): 138-141.
  • Batsch 1788
  • Versuch einer Anleitung zur Kenntniss und Geschichte der Thiere und Mineralien. Vol. 1. Akademische Buchhandlung, Jena. 529 pp.
  • Baur 1891
  • Notes on the trionychian genus Pelochelys. Ann. Mag. Natur. Hist. (London) (6)7: 445-446.
  • Baur 1888
  • Osteologische Notizen über Reptilien. Zool. Anz. (296): 1-5.
  • Baur 1889a
  • Die systematische Stellung von Dermochelys Blainv. Biol. Centralbl. 9: 149-191.
  • Baur 1890b
  • The gigantic land tortoises of the Galápagos Islands. Amer. Natur. 23: 1039-1057.
  • Baur 1889b
  • The relationship of the genus Deirochelys. Amer. Natur. 23: 1099-1100.
  • Baur 1890a
  • Two new species of tortoises from the South. Science 16: 262-263.
  • Baur 1893b
  • Two new species of North American Testudinata. Amer. Natur. 27: 675-676.
  • Baur 1893a
  • Notes on the classification and taxonomy of the Testudinata. Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 31: 210-225.
  • Bayoff 1995
  • Observations and morphometric data on the Namaqualand speckled tortoise, Homopus signatus signatus (Gmelin, 1789), in South Africa. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 1(3): 215-220.
  • Bearse 1985
  • Loggerheads mate off Cape Hatteras. Marine Turtle Newsl. 34: 8.
  • Becak 1964
  • Close karyological kinship between the reptilian suborder Serpentes and the class Aves. Chromosoma 15: 606-617.
  • 1996
  • Bemerkungen zur Haltung und Nachzucht von Cuora flavomarginata flavomarginata (Gray, 1863). Salamandra 32(2): 65-72.
  • Behler, 1991
  • A review of the captive breeding program for the radiated tortoise at the New York Zoological Society's Wildlife Survival Center. In: K. R. Beaman, F. Caporosa, S. McKeown, and M. D. Graff (eds.), Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Turtles and Tortoises: Conservation and Captive Husbandry, pp. 160-162. Chapman Univ., Orange, California.
  • Behler 1993
  • New localities for Pyxis planicauda in west-central Madagascar. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 1(1): 49-51.
  • Belkin, Gans 1968
  • An unusual chelonian feeding niche. Ecology 49: 768-769.
  • 1827
  • On two new genera of land tortoises. Trans. Linn. Soc. London 15: 392-401.
  • 1828
  • Descriptions of three new species of land tortoises. Zool. J., London 3: 419-421.
  • 1825
  • A monograph of the tortoises having a moveable sternum, with remarks on their arrangement and affinities. Zool. J., London 2: 299-310.
  • 1834
  • Characters of a new genus of freshwater tortoise. Proc. Zool. Soc. London
  • Bells, Crama 1994
  • Quantitative analysis of the courtship and mating behavior in the loggerhead musk turtle Sternotherus minor (Reptilia: Kinosternidae) with comments on courtship behavior in turtles. Copeia
  • Benefield 1979
  • Hatching the Argentine snake-necked turtle Hydromedusa tectifera. Int. Zoo Yearbook 19: 55-58.
  • Benirschke 1976
  • Chromosomal studies in Geochelone (Testudinidae - Reptilia). Chromosome Inform. Serv. 21: 14-16.
  • 1836
  • In: G. White, The Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne, p. 361.
  • Bergoinioux 1955
  • Chelonia. Traite de Paleontologie 5: 487-544.
  • 1978a
  • Variation and systematics in the Kinosternon scorpioides and K. leucostomum complexes (Reptilia: Testudines: Kinosternidae) of Mexico and Central America. Ph.D. Diss., Univ. Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.
  • 1984
  • A re-analysis of geographic variation and systematics in the yellow mud turtle, Kinosternon flavescens (Agassiz). Ann. Carnegie Mus. Natur. Hist. 53: 185-206.
  • , Iverson 1980b
  • Kinosternon herrerai. Catalog. Amer. Amphib. Rept. 239: 1-2.
  • , Iverson 1980a
  • A new species of mud turtle, genus Kinosternon, from Oaxaca, Mexico. J. Herpetol. 14: 313-320.
  • , Legler 1980
  • A new turtle (genus Kinosternon) from Sonora, Mexico. Contrib. Sci. Natur. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co. (325): 1-12.
  • 1997
  • A new species of mud turtle (genus Kinosternon) from Jalisco and Colima, Mexico, with notes on its natural history. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 2: 329-337.
  • Bertl, Killebrew 1983
  • An osteological comparison of Graptemys caglei Haynes and McKown and Graptemys versa Stejneger (Testudines: Emydidae). Herpetologica 39: 375-382.
  • , Mohanty-Hejmadi 1986
  • Somatic chromosome study of a sea turtle, Lepidochelys olivacea (Chelonia, Reptilia). Chromosome Inform. Serv. (40): 12-14.
  • 1997
  • Conservation of the endangered river terrapin, Batagur baska, in the Sunderban of West Bengal, India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 94: 27-35.
  • 1994
  • The distribution of the Asian brown tortoise (Manouria emys) in India and the taxonomic status of subspecies. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 91: 147-149.
  • , Choudhury 1995
  • Status, distribution and conservation of the Travancore tortoise, Indotestudo forstenii, in western Gnats. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 92: 16-21.
  • , Ajith Kumar 1988
  • On the identity and occurrence of the peacock soft-shell (Trionyx hurum Gray) in Rajasthan. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 85: 624.
  • , Vijayan 1989
  • Predation on the Indian flap-shell turtle (Lissemys punctata) in Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, Rajasthan. In: B. H. Patel (ed.), The Behavior, Proceedings of the National Symposium on Animal Behavior, pp. 27-31. Sir P. P. Inst. Sci., Bhavnagar.
  • , Vijayan 1993
  • Aspects of the feeding ecology of Lissemys punctata (Testudines: Trionychidae) in Keoladeo National Park, Bhuratpur, India. Hamadryad 18: 13-16.
  • Bickham 1980
  • Chrysemys decorata. Catalog. Amer. Amphib. Rept. 235: 1-2.
  • Bickham 1975
  • A cytosystematic study of turtles in the genera Clemmys, Mauremys and Sacalia. Herpetologica 31: 198-204.
  • Bickham 1976
  • A meiotic analysis of four species of turtles. Genetica 46: 193-198.
  • Bickham 1979
  • Karyotypes of sea turtles and the karyological relationships of the Cheloniidae. Amer. Zool. 19: 983.
  • Bickham 1981
  • Two-hundred-million-year-old chromosomes: deceleration of the rate of karyotypic evolution in turtles. Science 212: 1291-1293.
  • Bickham, Carr 1983
  • Taxonomy and phylogeny of the higher categories of cryptodiran turtles based on a cladistic analysis of chromosomal data. Copeia
  • Bickham, 1976a
  • Chromosome homology and evolution of emydid turtles. Chromosoma 54: 201-219.
  • Bickham, 1976b
  • Karyotypes of some neotropical turtles. Copeia 1976: 703-708.
  • Bickham, 1979
  • Canalization model of chromosomal evolution. Bull. Carnegie Mus. Natur. Hist. (13): 70-84.
  • Bickham 1993
  • Ploidy diversity and the production of balanced gametes in male twist-necked turtles (Platemys platycephala). Copeia
  • Bickham 1983
  • Karyotypes and evolutionary relationships of trionychid turtles. Cytologia 48: 177-183.
  • Bickham 1980
  • The karyotype and chromosomal banding patterns of the green turtle (Chelonia mydas). Copeia
  • Bickham 1984
  • Distributional survey of the yellow mud turtle (Kinosternon flavescens) in Iowa, Illinois, and Missouri: A proposed endangered species. Southwest. Natur. 29: 123-132.
  • Bickham 1985
  • Diploid-triploid mosaicism: an unusual phenomenon in side-necked turtles (Platemys platycephala). Science 227: 1591-1593.
  • Bickham 1996
  • Molecular systematics of the genus Clemmys and the intergeneric relationships of emydid turtles. Herpetologica 52: 89-97.
  • , 1931
  • The painted turtles of the genus Chrysemys. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Natur. Hist. (293)18: 123-139.
  • 1978
  • Notes on distribution, sexual dimorphism and growth in captivity of Geochelone elongata (Blyth). J. Bombay Natur. Hist. Soc. 75: 928-930.
  • Bjorndal 1995
  • Biology and Conservation of Sea Turtles, Revised Edition. Smithsonian Inst. Press, Washington, D. C. 615 pp.
  • Bjorndal 1981
  • Biology and conservation of sea turtles. Smithsonian Inst. Press and World Wildlife Fund, Washington, D. C. 583 pp.
  • Bjorndal 1997
  • Dietary overlap in three sympatric congeneric freshwater turtles (Pseudemys) in Florida. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 2: 430-433.
  • Bjorndal 1985
  • Reproductive biology of the hawksbill Eretmochelys imbricata at Tortuguero, Costa Rica with notes on the ecology of the species in the Caribbean. Biol. Conserv. 34: 353-388.
  • Bjorndal, 1990
  • Digestive processing in a herbivorous freshwater turtle: consequences of small-intestine fermentation. Physiol. Zool. 63: 1232-1247.
  • Bjorndal, 1992
  • Body size and digestive efficiency in a herbivorous freshwater turtle: advantages of small bite size. Physiol. Zool. 65: 1028-1039.
  • 1976
  • Observations on courtship behavior in the desert tortoise. Great Basin Natur. 36: 467-471.
  • Blackwell 1966
  • Coital behaviour of the African tortoise Kinixys erosa. British J. Herpetol. 3: 289.
  • Blackwell 1968
  • Some observations on the hatching and growth of the African tortoise Kinixys homeana. British J. Herpetol. 4: 40.
  • 1816
  • Prodrome d'une nouvelle distribution systématique de regne animal. Reptiles. Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris (111): 119.
  • Blair 1976
  • Some aspects of the biology of the ornate box turtle, Terrapene ornata. Southwest. Natur. 21: 89-103.
  • Blanco 1991
  • Propagation of the batagurine turtles Batagur baska and Callagur borneoensis at the Bronx Zoo. In: K. R. Beaman, F. Caporaso, S. McKeown, and M. D. Graff (eds.), Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Turtles and Tortoises: Conservation and Captive Husbandry, pp. 63-65. Chapman Univ., Orange, California.
  • Bleakney 1963
  • Notes on the distribution and life histories of turtles in Nova Scotia. Canadian Field-Natur. 77: 67-76.
  • Bleakney 1958
  • Postglacial dispersal of the turtle Chrysemys picta. Herpetologica 14: 101-104.
  • Bloxam 1993
  • Distribution of the Madagscar flat-shelled tortoise Pyxis planicauda. Dodo (J. Jersey Wild. Preserv. Trust) 29: 149-156.
  • 1853
  • Notices and descriptions of various reptiles, new or little known. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Calcutta 22: 639-655.
  • 1863
  • Report on the collections presented by Capt. Berdmore and Mr. Theobald. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Calcutta 32: 80-86.
  • 1856
  • Notabilia contained in the collection presented by Capt. Berdmore and Mr. Theobald. Proc. Asiatic Soc., Bengal 24: 713-723.
  • Bocourt 1868
  • Description de quelques chéloniens nouveaux appartenant à la fauna Mexicaine. Ann. Sci. Nat. Zool., Paris (5)10: 121-122.
  • Boddaert 1770
  • Over de Kraakbeenige Schildpad. De Testudine cartilagainea. Amsterdam. 40 pp.
  • 1935
  • Animal life in Palestine. Jerusalem. 507 pp.
  • 1893
  • Katalog der Reptilien-Sammlung im Museum der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt-am-Main. I. Teil. (Rhynchocephalen, Schildkröten, Krokodile, Eidechsen, Chamaleons). Knauer, Frankfurt. 160 pp.
  • Bogert 1943
  • A new box turtle from southeastern Sonora, Mexico. Amer. Mus. Novitates (1226): 1-7.
  • Bojanus 1970
  • Anatome Testudinis Europaeae. Soc. Stud. Amphib. Rept. 178 pp.
  • 1836
  • Cheloniorum tabula analytica. Rome.
  • Bonhomme 1987
  • Comparaison génétique des tortues vertes (Chelonia mydas) des Oceans Atlantique, Indien et Pacifique: une illustration apparente de la théorie mullerienne classique de la structure génétique des populations? Genetica 74: 89-94.
  • 1789-1790
  • Encyclopédie Mécyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la Nature. Two volumes. Panckoucke, Paris. 246 pp.
  • Boonman 1994
  • Een gekielde doosschildpad uit Zuidoost-Azië, Pyxidea mouhotii. Lacerta 53(5): 132-138.
  • , 1972
  • Behavioural studies on the green turtle (Chelonia mydas) in the sea. Animal Behav. 20: 808-812.
  • 1886
  • On some South-African tortoises allied to Testudo geometrica. Proc. Zool. Soc. London
  • 1888b
  • On the chelydoid chelonians of New Guinea. Ann. Mus. Civicico Storia Natur. Genova. (2)6: 449-452.
  • 1887
  • On a new family of pleurodian turtles. Ann. Mag. Natur. Hist. (London) (5)19: 461-463.
  • 1895
  • On American box-tortoises. Ann. Mag. Natur. Hist. (London) (6)15: 330-331.
  • 1888a
  • Description of a new land-tortoise from South Africa, from a specimen living in the Society's Gardens. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1888: 251.
  • 1902
  • Descriptions of new batrachians and reptiles from northwestern Ecuador. Ann. Mag. Natur. Hist. (London) (7)9: 51-57.
  • 1906
  • Descriptions of new reptiles from Yunnan. Ann. Mag. Natur. Hist. (London) (7)17: 567-568.
  • 1903
  • Report on the batrachians and reptiles. In: N. Annandale and H. C. Robinson (eds.), Fasciculi Malayensis, Anthropological and Zoological Results of an Expedition to Perak and the Siamese Malay States, 1901-1902, Zoology, pp. 131-170. Univ. Press, Liverpool.
  • 1907
  • A new tortoise from Travancore. J. Bombay Natur. Hist. Soc. 17: 560-564.
  • 1889
  • Catalogue of the chelonians, rhynchocephalians, and crocodiles in the British Museum (Natural History). Taylor and Francis, London. 311 pp.
  • Bour 1973
  • Contribution à la connaissance de Phrynops nasutus (Schweigger: 1812) et Phrynops tuberculatus (Luederwaldt: 1926). Description d'une nouvelle sous-espèce originaire du Paraguay, Phrynops tubercutalus vanderhaegei. (Testudinata-Pleurodira-Chelidae). Bull. Soc. Zool. France 98: 175-190.
  • Bour 1982a
  • Contribution à la connaissance des Tortues terrestres des Seychelles: définition du genre endémique et description d'une espèce nouvelle probablement originaire des îles granitiques et au bord de l'extinction. C. R. Acad. Sci., Paris 295: 117-122.
  • Bour 1980b
  • Position systématique de Geoclemys palaeannamitica Bourret, 1941 (Reptilia-Testudines-Emydidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 1: 149-159.
  • Bour 1979
  • Premiere docuverte de restes osseux de la tortue terestre de la Réunion, Cylindraspis borbonica. Comp. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris 288: 1223-1226.
  • Bour 1980a
  • Essai sur la taxonomie des Testudinidae actuels (Reptilia, Chelonii). Bull. Mus. Natn. Hist. Nat., Paris (4)2: 541-546.
  • Bour 1981a
  • Etude systématique du genre endémique Malgache Pyxis Bell, 1827. (Reptilia, Chelonii). Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon. 50(4, 5): 132-144, 154-176.
  • Bour 1984c
  • Taxonomy, history, and geography of Seychelles land tortoises and fresh-water turtles. In: D. R. Stoddart (ed.), Biogeography and Ecology of the Seychelles Islands, pp. 281-307. W. Junk, The Hague.
  • Bour 1980c
  • Systematique des tortues terrestres des Iles Mascareignes: Cylindraspis Fitzinger, 1835 (Reptilia, Chelonii). Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Natur. Paris 4e ser. 1980 (sec. A, no. 3): 895-904.
  • Bour 1981b
  • Histoire de la tortue terrestre de Bourbon. Bull. Acad. L'Ile de la Réunion [1979-1980] 25: 97-147.
  • Bour 1988a
  • Taxonomic and nomenclatural status of Homopus signatus (Gmelin, 1789): Reptilia—Chelonii. J. Herpetol. Assoc. Africa (35): 1-6.
  • Bour 1982b
  • Le tortues des Seychelles et des Mascareignes. Carambole 29: 3-5.
  • Bour 1978
  • Les tortues actuelles de Madagascar (République malgache): liste systématique et description de deux sous-espèces nouvelles (Reptilia-Testudines). Bull. Soc. Et. sci. Anjou N. S. 10: 141-154.
  • Bour 1987
  • Tortues et insularite: les tortues des Seychelles. Bull. Soc. Zool. France 112: 401-418.
  • Bour 1985
  • Les tortues terrestres et d'eau douce de Madagascar et des îles voisines. Madagascar Recherches Sci. 18: 54-80.
  • Bour 1995
  • Une nouvelle espèce de tortue terrestre dans le Péloponnèse (Grèce). Dumerilia 2: 23-54.
  • Bour 1983
  • Trois populations endémiques du genre Pelusios (Reptilia, Chelonii, Pelomedusidae) aux îles Seychelles; relations avec les espèces africaines et malgaches. Bull. Mus. Natn. Hist. Nat., Paris (4)5: 343-382.
  • Bour 1984b
  • Les tortues terrestres géantes de Iles de l'Océan Indian Occidental: données géographiques, taxinomiques et phylogénétiques. Stud. Geol. Salmanticensia, Stud. Paleocheloniologica I. 1: 17-76.
  • Bour 1988b
  • Caractères diagnostiques offerts par le crâne des tortues terrestres du genre Testudo. Mésogée 48: 13-19.
  • Bour 1986
  • Note sur Pelusios adansonii (Schweigger, 1812) et sur une nouvelle espèce affine du Kenya (Chelonii, Pelomedusidae). Stud. Palaeocheloniol. 2: 23-54.
  • Bour 1984a
  • Note sur Pelusios williamsi Laurent, 1965 (Chelonii, Pelomedusinae). Rev. fr. Aquariol. 11: 27-32.
  • Bour 1995
  • Types of recent trionychid turtles in the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. Dumerilia 2: 73-92.
  • Bour, 1983b
  • Statut nomenclatural et specimens-types d'Emys pseudogeographica Gray, 1831 et d'Emys lesueuri Gray, 1831 (Reptilia, Chelonii, Emydidae). Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon 52:
  • Bour, 1984b
  • Xerobates Agassiz, 1857, synonyme plus ancien de Scaptochelys Bramble, 1982 (Reptilia, Chelonii, Emydidae). Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon 53: 30-32.
  • Bour, 1983a
  • Nomenclatural availability of Testudo coriacea Vandelli, 1761: A case against a rigid application of the Rules to old, well-known zoological works. J. Herpetol. 17: 356-361.
  • Bour, 1984a
  • Nomenclature Ordinale et Famialie des Tortues (Reptilia). Stud. Geol. Salmanticensia, Stud. Paleocheloniologica I. 1: 77-86.
  • Bour, Moutou 1982
  • Reptiles et Amphibians de L'Isle de la Réunion. Info-Nature (Réunion) 19: 19-156.
  • Bour, Pauler 1987
  • Identite de Phrynops vanderhaegei Bour, 1973, et des especies affines. (Reptilia-Chelonii-Chelidae). Mesogee 47: 3-23.
  • Bourn 1977
  • Reproductive study of giant tortoises on Aldabra. J. Zool. (London) 182: 27-38.
  • Bourn, 1978
  • The size, structure and distribution of the giant tortoise population of Aldabra. Phil. Trans. Royal Soc. London, B 282: 139-175.
  • Bourret 1941
  • Les tortues de l'Indochine. Inst. Oceanograph. l'Indochine. 235 pp.
  • Bourret 1939
  • Notes herpetologiques sur l'Indochine Française, XVIII. Reptiles et batraciens reçus au Laboratoire des Science Naturelles de l'Université au cours de l'année
  • 1988
  • Population structure of the green sea turtle, Chelonia mydas. Progr. Abstr. Comb. Herpetol. Meet., Ann Arbor, Michigan,
  • 1991
  • Evolutionary distinctiveness of the endangered Kemp's ridley sea turtle. Nature 352: 709-711.
  • 1989
  • An odyssey of the green turtle: Ascension Island revisited. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 86: 573-576.
  • 1992
  • Global population structure and natural history of the green turtle (Chelonia mydas) in terms of matriarchal phylogeny. Evolution 46: 865-881.
  • 1996
  • Origin of hawksbill turtles in a Caribbean feeding area as indicated by genetic markers. Ecol. Appl. 6: 566-572.
  • , 1997
  • Movement of hawksbill turtles: what scale is relevant to conservation, and what scale is resolvable with mtDNA data? Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 2: 440-442.
  • Boycott 1986
  • A review of Homopus signatus (Schoepff) with notes on related species (Cryptodira: Testudinidae). J. Herpetol. Assoc. Africa 32: 10-16.
  • Boycott 1989a
  • Homopus boulengeri. Karoo padloper, Boulenger's padloper, Red padloper, Biltong tortoise (English); Karooskilpadjie, Rooiskilpadjie, Donderweerskilpad, Biltongskilpad (Afrikaans). In: I. R. Swingland, and M. W. Klemens (eds.). The Conservation Biology of Tortoises, pp. 78-79. Occ. Pap. IUCN/SSC 5, Tortoise and Freshwater Specialists Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
  • Boycott 1989b
  • Homopus signatus. Namaqualand speckled padloper, Peer's padloper (for southern race) (English); Gifskilpadjie, Klipskilpadjie, Namaqualandklip-skilpadjie (Afrikaans). In: I. R. Swingland, and M. W. Klemens (eds.). The Conservation Biology of Tortoises, pp. 82-84. Occ. Pap. IUCN/SSC 5, Tortoise and Freshwater Specialists Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
  • Boycott, 1989
  • Psammobates oculifer. Serrated tortoise, Kalahari tent tortoise, Kalahari geometric tortoise (English); Skulprandskilpad, Kalahari-skilpad (Afrikaans). In: I. R. Swingland, and M. W. Klemens (eds.). The Conservation Biology of Tortoises, pp. 88-90. Occ. Pap. IUCN/SSC 5, Tortoise and Freshwater Specialists Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
  • Boycott, Bourquin 1988
  • The South African tortoise book. A guide to South African tortoises, terrapins and turtles. Southern Book Publ., Johannesburg. 148 pp.
  • Bramble 1974
  • Emydid shell kinesis: biomechanics and evolution. Copeia
  • Bramble 1982
  • Scaptochelys: generic revision and evolution of gopher tortoises. Copeia
  • Bramble, Hutchison 1981
  • A reevaluation of plastral kinesis in African turtles of the genus Pelusios. Herpetologica 37: 205-212.
  • Bramble 1984
  • Kinosternid shell kinesis: structure, function and evolution. Copeia
  • 1989c
  • Homopus bergeri. Nama or Berger's padloper (English); Bergerse skilpad (Afrikaans). In: I. R. Swingland, and M. W. Klemens (eds.). The Conservation Biology of Tortoises, pp. 75-77. Occ. Pap. IUCN/SSC 5, Tortoise and Freshwater Specialists Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
  • 1989a
  • Chersina angulata. Angulate tortoise; Bowsprit tortoise (English); Rooipensskilpad, Bontskilpad (Afrikaans). In: I. R. Swingland, and M. W. Klemens (eds.). The Conservation Biology of Tortoises, pp. 68-71. Occ. Pap. IUCN/SSC 5, Tortoise and Freshwater Specialists Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
  • 1989d
  • Homopus femoralis. Greater padloper, Karoo tortoise (English); Vlakskilpad, Bergskilpadjie, Groter padloper (Afrikaans). In: I. R. Swingland, and M. W. Klemens (eds.). The Conservation Biology of Tortoises, pp. 80-81. Occ. Pap. IUCN/SSC 5, Tortoise and Freshwater Specialists Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
  • 1989b
  • Homopus areolatus. Parrot-beaked tortoise; Common padloper; Areolated tortoise (English); Padloptjie, Papengaaibekskilpad (Afrikaans). In: I. R. Swingland, and M. W. Klemens (eds.). The Conservation Biology of Tortoises, pp. 72-74. Occ. Pap. IUCN/SSC 5, Tortoise and Freshwater Specialists Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
  • 1989e
  • Psammobates tentorius. Tent tortoise, Starred tortoise, Union Jack tortoise (English); Knoppieskilpad, Tentskilpad, Sterretjieskilpad, Skuwedop, Vlakskilpad, Veldskilpad (Afrikaans). In: I. R. Swingland, and M. W. Klemens (eds.). The Conservation Biology of Tortoises, pp. 91-93. Occ. Pap. IUCN/SSC 5, Tortoise and Freshwater Specialists Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
  • 1992
  • Homopus bergeri -- a wrong name for a new tortoise from southern Namibia. J. Herpetol. Assoc. Africa (40): 11.
  • 1988
  • Bill Branch's field guide to the snakes and other reptiles of southern Africa. New Holland Publ., London. 328 pp.
  • 1995
  • The tortoises (Testudinidae) and terrapins (Pelomedusidae) of southern Africa: their diversity, distribution and conservation. S. Afr. J. Zool. 30(3): 91-102.
  • 1857
  • Observationes quaedam ad generis Trionychum species duas novas spectantes. Mel. Biol. Acad. Sci. St. Petersbourg 2: 609-610.
  • , 1987
  • Box turtles (Terrapene carolina) as potential agents for seed dispersal. Amer. Midl. Natur. 117: 312-318.
  • Breininger 1994
  • Gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) densities in coastal scrub and slash pine flatwoods in Florida. J. Herpetol. 28: 60-65.
  • 1970
  • The influence of light and temperature on fat utilization in female Clemmys insculpta. Ohio J. Sci. 70: 233-237.
  • Brewer, Killebrew 1986
  • The annual testicular cycle of Pseudemys scripta elegans (Emydidae) in the Texas panhandle. Southwest. Natur. 31: 299-305.
  • Brewster 1988
  • Notes on aggression and courtship in the wood turtle, Clemmys insculpta. Bull. Chicago Herpetol. Soc. 23: 144.
  • Bringsøe, Buskirk 1998
  • Distribution of Testudo kleinmanni Lortet, 1883 and Testudo graeca Linnaeus, 1758 in the Negev Desert, southern Israel (Reptilia: Testudines: Testudinidae). Faun. Abh. St. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 21(4): 23-30.
  • 1997
  • Genetic delineation of management units for the desert tortoise, Gopherus agassizii, in northeastern Mojave Desert. Copeia
  • Broadley 1989a
  • Kinixys belliana. Bell's hinged tortoise. In: I. R. Swingland, and M. W. Klemens (eds.). The Conservation Biology of Tortoises, pp. 49-52. Occ. Pap. IUCN/SSC 5, Tortoise and Freshwater Specialists Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
  • Broadley 1989d
  • Kinixys erosa. Serrated hinged tortoise. In: I. R. Swingland, and M. W. Klemens (eds.). The Conservation Biology of Tortoises, pp. 56-57. Occ. Pap. IUCN/SSC 5, Tortoise and Freshwater Specialists Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
  • Broadley 1989g
  • Malacochersus tornieri. Pancake's tortoise; Soft-shelled tortoise. In: I. R. Swingland, and M. W. Klemens (eds.). The Conservation Biology of Tortoises, pp. 62-64. Occ. Pap. IUCN/SSC 5, Tortoise and Freshwater Specialists Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
  • Broadley 1989e
  • Kinixys homeana. Homes's hinged tortoise. In: I. R. Swingland, and M. W. Klemens (eds.). The Conservation Biology of Tortoises, pp. 58-59. Occ. Pap. IUCN/SSC 5, Tortoise and Freshwater Specialists Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
  • Broadley 1989c
  • Kinixys lobatsiana. Lobatse hinged tortoise. In: I. R. Swingland, and M. W. Klemens (eds.). The Conservation Biology of Tortoises, pp. 54-55. Occ. Pap. IUCN/SSC 5, Tortoise and Freshwater Specialists Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
  • Broadley 1989f
  • Kinixys natalensis. Natal hinged tortoise. In: I. R. Swingland, and M. W. Klemens (eds.). The Conservation Biology of Tortoises, pp. 60-61. Occ. Pap. IUCN/SSC 5, Tortoise and Freshwater Specialists Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
  • Broadley 1989b
  • Kinixys spekii. Speke's hinged tortoise. In: I. R. Swingland, and M. W. Klemens (eds.). The Conservation Biology of Tortoises, pp. 52-54. Occ. Pap. IUCN/SSC 5, Tortoise and Freshwater Specialists Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
  • Broadley 1993
  • A review of southern African species of Kinixys Bell (Reptilia: Testudinidae). Ann. Transvaal Mus. 36: 41-52.
  • Broadley 1981a
  • A review of the genus Pelusios Wagler in southern Africa (Pleurodira: Pelomedusidae). Occ. Pap. Natl. Mus. Rhodesia, B, Nat. Sci. 6: 633-686.
  • Broadley 1981b
  • A review of the populations of Kinixys (Testudinidae) occurring in south-eastern Africa. Ann. Cape Prov. Mus. (Natur. Hist.) 13: 195-216.
  • Broadley 1983
  • Neural pattern—a neglected taxonomic character in the genus Pelusios Wagler (Pleurodira: Pelomedusidae). In: A. G. J. Rhodin and K. Miyata (eds.). Advances in Herpetology and Evolutionary Biology, pp. 159-168. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard, Cambridge, Mass.
  • 1947
  • The establishment of Trionyx sinensis in Hawaii. Copeia
  • Broderick 1994
  • Genetic studies of the hawksbill turtle Eretmochelys imbricata: evidence for multiple stocks in Australian waters. Pacific Conserv. Biol. 1: 123-131.
  • Brongersma 1972
  • European Atlantic turtles. E. J. Brill, Leiden. 318 pp.
  • Brongersma 1968
  • Miscellaneous notes on turtles, IIA. Dermochelys coriacea. Proc. Kon. Nederl. Acad. Wetensch. C, 72: 76-102.
  • Brongersma 1996
  • On the availability of the name Dermochelys coriacea schlegelii (Garman, 1884) as a subspecies or species of leatherback turtle. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 2(2): 261-265.
  • Brongniart 1800
  • Essai d'une classification naturelle des reptiles. Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom., Paris 2: 81-82, 89-91.
  • 1992
  • Body size, age distribution, and reproduction in a northern population of wood turtles Clemmys insculpta. Can. J. Zool. 70: 462-469.
  • , 1993
  • Sexual and seasonal differences in activity in a northern population of snapping turtles, Chelydra serpentina. Herpetologica 49: 311-318.
  • 1994
  • Growth rate, reproductive output, and temperature selection of snapping turtles in habitats of different productivities. J. Herpetol. 28: 405-410.
  • , Moll 1979
  • The status of the nearly extinct Illinois mud turtle with recommendations for its conservation. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Spl. Publ. Biol. Geol. (3): 1-49.
  • 1974
  • Ecology of the aquatic box turtle, Terrapene coahuila (Chelonia, Emydidae) in northern Mexico. Bull. Florida St. Mus. Biol. Sci. 19: 1-67.
  • 1996
  • Genetic variation among populations of the redbelly turtle (Pseudemys rubriventris). Copeia
  • Bruekers 1997
  • De Anamur-schildpad (Testudo graeca anamurensis). Lacerta 55(5): 212-214.
  • Bruekers 1995
  • De landschildpadden van Mallorca, deel 2. De Schildpad 3: 8-19.
  • Brumwell 1940
  • Notes on the courtship of the turtle, Terrapene ornata. Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 43: 391.
  • Budde 1991
  • Angaben zur Gelegegröße bei Platysternon megacephalum (Gray, 1831) mit Röntgenbild eines Weibchens vor der Eiablage. Salamandra 27(3): 213-215.
  • Buhlmann 1995
  • Prolonged egg retention in the turtle Deirochelys reticularia in South Carolina. Herpetologica 51: 457-462.
  • 1980
  • Sex determination in reptiles. Quart. Rev. Biol. 55: 3-21.
  • 1982a
  • Heritability of sex ratio in turtles with environmental sex determination. Evolution 36: 333-341.
  • , Legler 1980
  • Karyotypes of side-necked turtles (Testudines: Pleurodira). Canadian J. Zool. 58: 828-841.
  • , 1979
  • Temperature-dependent sex determination in turtles. Science 206: 1186-1188.
  • , 1981
  • Temperature-sensitive periods of sex determination in emydid turtles. J. Exp. Zool. 218: 435-440
  • 1985
  • Non-temperature dependent sex determination in two suborders of turtles. Copeia
  • 1982b
  • Sex determining temperatures in turtles: a geographic comparison. Evolution 36: 326-332.
  • 1974
  • Male heterogamety in kinosternid turtles (genus Staurotypus). Cytogenet. Cell. Genet. 13: 419-425.
  • Burbidge 1981
  • The ecology of the western swamp tortoise Pseudemydura umbrina (Testudines: Chelidae). Austr. Wildl. Res. 8: 203-222.
  • Burbidge, Kuchling 1994
  • Western Swamp Tortoise Recovery plan. Western Australian Wildlife Management Program No. 11, CALM, Perth, 29 pp.
  • Burbidge 1974
  • Relationships within the Chelidae (Testudines: Pleurodira) of Australia and New Guinea. Copeia
  • Burge 1978
  • Physical characteristics and patterns of utilization of cover sites used by Gopherus agassizi in southern Nevada. Proc. Symp. Desert Tortoise Council
  • Burge, 1976
  • Population density, structure and feeding habits of the desert tortoise, Gopherus agassizi, in a low desert study area in southern Nevada. Proc. Symp. Desert Tortoise Council
  • 1977
  • Determinants of hatching success in diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin. Amer. Midl. Natur. 97: 444-464.
  • , 1975
  • Nest site selection in the terrapin Malaclemys terrapin. Copeia
  • 1952
  • A neglected subspecies of the turtle Pseudemys scripta. Report Reelfoot Lake Biol. St. 16: 75-79.
  • 1990
  • Conservation of the world's rarest tortoise. Conserv. Biol. 4: 122-124.
  • 1996
  • Phylogenetic relationships of emydine turtles. Herpetologica 52: 572-584.
  • 1993b
  • Diet of juvenile Kemp's ridley and loggerhead sea turtles from Long Island, New York. Copeia 1993: 1176-1180.
  • 1993
  • Common snapping turtles associated with ant mounds. J. Herpetol. 27: 114-115.
  • 1993a
  • Lepidochelys kempii (Kemp's ridley sea turtle). Diet. Herpetol. Rev. 24: 31-32.
  • Bury 1970
  • Clemmys marmorata. Catalog. Amer. Amphib. Rept. 100: 1-3.
  • Bury 1986
  • Feeding ecology of the turtle Clemmys marmorata. J. Herpetol. 20: 515-521.
  • Bury 1982
  • North American tortoises: conservation and ecology. U. S. Dept. Interior, Fish, Wildl. Serv., Wildlife Res. Rept. (12): 1-126.
  • Bury, Ernst 1977
  • Clemmys. Catalog. Amer. Amphib. Rept. 203: 1-2.
  • Bury, Germano 1994
  • Biology of North American tortoises. U. S. Dept. Int., Natl. Biol. Surv. Tech. Report (13): 1-204.
  • Bury 1988
  • Distribution, abundance and status of the Bolson tortoise. Ann. Carnegie Mus. 57: 5-30.
  • Busack, Ernst 1980
  • Variation in Mediterranean populations of Mauremys Gray 1869 (Reptilia, Testudines, Emydidae). Ann. Carnegie Mus. Natur. Hist. 49: 251-264.
  • Buskirk 1996
  • On the absence of spur-thighed tortoises, Testudo graeca, from Egypt. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 2(1): 118-120.
  • Buskirk 1993c
  • Distribution, status and biology of the tortoise, Geochelone chilensis, in Río Negro Provence, Argentina. Stud. Neotropical Fauna Environ. 28: 233-249.
  • Buskirk 1989b
  • Field observations on Phrynops williamsi and other Uruguayan chelonians. Vivarium 1(4): 8-11.
  • Buskirk 1991b
  • The spiny-neck turtle (Platemys spixii) in and out of captivity. Vivarium 3(2): 16-17, 30-31.
  • Buskirk 1993a
  • An annotated bibliography of the Egyptian tortoise, Testudo kleinmanni Lortet 1883. Tortuga Gazette 29(1): 1-4.
  • Buskirk 1997
  • The Malayan flat-shelled turtle, Notochelys platynota. Vivarium 9(1): 6-9, 15.
  • Buskirk 1993b
  • Yucatan Box Turtle, Terrapene carolina yucatana. Tortuga Gazette 29(5): 1-4.
  • Buskirk 1991a
  • An overview of the western pond turtle, Clemmys marmorata. In: K. R. Beaman, F. Caporaso, S. McKeown, and M. D. Graff (eds.). Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Turtles and Tortoises: Conservation and Captive Husbandry, pp. 16-23. Chapman Univ., Orange, California.
  • Buskirk 1989a
  • New Locality Records for Chinese Non-Marine Chelonians. Chin. Herpetol. Res., Vol. 2 (2): 65-68.
  • Buskirk 1988
  • New locality records in Argentina and Paraguay for the chelid turtles Platemys pallidipectoris (Freiberg) and Platemys macrocephala (Rhodin et al.). Herpetol. Rev. 19(4): 74-75.
  • Bustard 1972
  • Sea turtles, their natural history and conservation. Taplinger Publ. Co., New York. 220 pp.
  • Bustard 1975
  • Nesting behavior of loggerhead and flatback turtles in Queensland, Australia. Proc. Kon. Nederl. Akad. Wetensch. C, 78: 111-122.
  • , 1995
  • Early post-emergent behavior and habitat selection in hatchling Blanding's turtles, Emydoidea blandingii, in Massachusetts. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 1: 187-196.